Cradle of humanity – 4,5 million B.C.

Posted: May 25, 2016 in Ethiopia - the Secret of Africa
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The last four decades, many extraordinary prehistoric discoveries have been made in Ethiopia, most of which in the Great Rift Valley.

The most important find is undoubtedly the skeleton of ‘Lucy’ or ‘Dinkinesh’, who was for a long time considered to be the oldest hominid in the world (3,2 million years old): half human-half ape. She was found near Hadar, in the northeast of Ethiopia.

But in 1992, another find, also at Hadar, thrilled the world of paleo anthropology. Many tooth and bone fragments were found and these belonged to a whole new species – much older than Lucy – dating from 4,4 million years ago.

More excitement came with the excavations in the Gona Valley, again close to Hadar. Several thousand stone tools have been discovered, more than 2,5 million years old – the oldest tools yet found in the world.

The Omo Valley in Southern Ethiopia is momentarily the scene of vast paleo-anthropological research – the area is thought to be rich with animal- and human fossils.More finds are undoubtedly awaiting discovery in Ethiopia. The fact that all these fossils have been and are still being found here, gives Ethiopia an ‘extra dimension’ – it is the ‘cradle of humanity’ and authorities are considering opening the various archaeological sites for the public and developing museums.

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