Post-Liberation Ethiopia (1941 – 1975)

Posted: May 29, 2016 in Ethiopia - the Secret of Africa
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The 1940s and 1950 saw much post-war reconstruction. A national currency and the national airline, Ethiopian Airlines, were established in 1946. Schools were developed, as was the country’s first university: Addis Ababa University. In 1955, the Revised Ethiopian Constitution was introduced. The chamber of deputies was elected more democratically, but the government remained autocratic and the real power continued to lie with the emperor. The large majority of Ethiopia’s people was very poor.
In 1962, Addis Ababa became the headquarters of the Organisation for African Unity, and in 1958 of the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa.

Despite the modernisation, dissatisfaction began to grow. Development was too slow and the emperor’s rule was too autocratic.
Discontent simmered among the students too, who protested in particular against corruption and the appalling famine of 1972-1974, in which some 200.000 peasants died.
The emperor seemed more preoccupied with his foreign affairs, than with the internal ones.
In 1974, there were strikes amongst the teachers, the students and taxi-drivers in Addis Ababa and even army mutinies were reported. At the height of the crisis, the prime minister and his cabinet resigned, and a new one was appointed.
But it was too late. By this time, a very powerful and radical military group had emerged, and they replaced the new prime minister with their own.

This group, called the Derg (meaning: committee) arrested ministers, nobles and confidants of the emperor and they took over the media – trying to undermine the credibility of the emperor and showing this to the viewers.

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