The road to Democracy (1991 – 1995)

Posted: May 29, 2016 in Ethiopia - the Secret of Africa
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After the war of liberation from the Derg, the leaders of both Ethiopia and Eritrea showed a similar determination in their wish to rebuild their countries. The different liberation fronts, united in the EPRDF, were given an interim ruling period of four years – until the first democratic elections. Soon, independence was granted to Eritrea and some extensive economic reforms began.

The country was divided into Federal Regions: mainly the living areas of the largest ethnic groups in Ethiopia and the city states of Addis Ababa, Harar and Dire Dawa.

In August 1995, the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia was proclaimed, elections followed and the constitution of the second republic was inaugurated. Meles Zenawi formed a new government.


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