Museums in Addis
This Museum was founded in 1952. The Museum preserves and displays the country’s historical, cultural and archeological heritage.
Accordingly, the museum is structured as follows.
Paleontology and pre-history section: – This section displays various fossils including the remains of Denknesh (Lucy) believed to be the first human ancestor. It also has litic (stone) tools.
Historical archeology section: – This section includes various archeological findings from all over the country, although most originate from the Axumite period.
Ethnology: Ethiopia is labbled a cultural mosaic. Hence, this section displays the traditional and ceremonial cloths, jewels and living styles of different ethnic groups in the country. In addition, you can see here documentary films with different themes.
Modern art: this is one quarter of the Museum where you can visit splendid art works of Ethiopian artists and sculptures. Also here, one can find portraits of Ethiopian leaders beginning from the 18th century till now.
Entot St. Mary’s Museum
It is found within the compound of the church of St. Mary at the hill of Entoto.
It houses tremendous treasure of religious and historical values.
Many of the museum objects are related to the reign of Menelik II, the Battle of Adowa and the Ethiopian Orthodox church.
There are also many donations from aboard and prominent personalities of Ethiopia including the great runners.
Among the exhibits are the drum the at announce the march to Adowa against Ialian invasion, the bed of Menelik II used in Ankober and ceremonial clothes of Emperor Menlik II and Queen Taitu.
Zoological Natural History Museum
It is located within the compound of the Science Faculty, Addis Ababa University and was established 1955.
The Zoological Natural Museum, the only one of its kind in Ethiopia.
Dedicated to house samples of the rich Ethiopian wild life. It is known that 30 species of mammals, 28 species of birds, 30 species of amphibians and 10% of fish species are endemic to Ethiopia.
You find here 52 species of rodents, 36 species of bats, 8 species of hoofed mammals (ungulates), 20 species of carnivores, 8 species of primates, 450 species of birds, 50 species of snakes, 35 species of lizard (frogs and toads) and 52 species of fish and a diverse collection of invertebrates (lower animals).
It also serves as a center for research on the flora (plant species) of Ethiopia.
Museum of the Institute of Ethiopian Studies (IES)
It is found within the main campus of Addis Ababa University (Sidsit Kilo), in the old palace (Genet Leul) of the late Emperor Haile Selassie I. It is found on the first and second floors of the building.
It consists of five sections:-
Ethnological or Material Culture
Coins and Bank Notes collections.
Ba’eta St. Mary Museum
It was built in 1911 by the order of Empress Zewditu Menelik and is usually known as the Menelik II Mausoleum.
Located inside the compound of Emperor Menelik’s Palace.
It is housed in the underground crypt of Ba’eta St. Mary Museum ( A church within the compound of the Grand Palace)
It houses the remains of Menelik II, Empress Taitu, Empress Zawditu, Abuna Mateos, the Archbishop who crowned Menelik, and Princess Tsehai, daughter of Emperor Haile Sellassie I.
The museum displays a number of precious treasures including the chair Emperor Menelik used while attending Mass in the church, a golden cross that belonged to Abune Kerilos of Alexandrea, a prayer stick of Empress Zewditu and a palm leaves made out of iron sheet and sent by the French President in condolence of Menelik’s death.
Addis Ababa Museum
Established in October 1986 the Addis Ababa Museum
Located on the southern side of Meskel Square on the road to Bole International Airport.
Its establishment was related to the celebration of the centennial anniversary of the foundation of Addis Ababa as a capital city.
It is housed in old house of the residence of Ras Biru Wolde Gabriel, War Minister of Menelik II.
It is primarily a photographic museum depicting the historical, political, economic and social progress of the city since its foundation.
Unique photographs, artifacts and works of prominent artists are on display.
The museum collections are targeted to show the historical, political, economic and social developments of the city since its foundation. It is also intended to help researcher in their study on various aspects of Addis Ababa.
It has six chambers, namely, Fine hall, edget hall, Adwa hall, Handicrafts hall, Modern art hall and the future vision hall. Each of the chambers has its own distinctive displays.
St. George Cathedral Museum
This museum is located inside the precincts St. George’s Church around the Piazza. Relatively speaking, the museum, which is under the church’s bell tower, is small.
It was established in 1990 with the intention of preserving and passing on to future generations the ecclesiastical wealth of the Ethiopian Orthodox Churh
It contains several valuable historical relics, and is open for public visit every day.
Inside the museum, one can see differently shaped crosses, religious books, parchments, vestments of religious leaders as well as handicraft products.
The Ethiopian Postal Museum
It is located on the ground floor of the Post office building
It maintains all samples of the Ethiopian stamps from 1894 until the present time
In addition, it displays sample stamps form other Universal Postal Union members.